The meaning of peace for some philosophers

The meaning of peace for some philosophers

Peace, which derives from the Latin word “pax”, has both a negative and a positive connotation. Positively, peace represents the tranquility and calm each individual feels, which also rhymes with inner peace, a concept taught be Prem Rawat. Yet, peace may also mean lack of war and non-violence. Philosophers express their own views as far as peace is concerned, so, let us take a close look at it.

Definition of peace according to some philosophers

Confucius

He is a Chinese wise man; he did not clearly express his point of view about peace; however, he mentioned that it is anger, that leads to violence and vengeance, which often sparks a conflict. He said that « Anyone who can control his anger can dominate his worst enemy ». This has something to do with inner peace, because only an individual who is in peace with him-self can win the war against anger. He also noted that revenge perpetuates hatred.

In fact, someone who has peace within will not fill his heart with the burden of hatred. Hatred usually leads to violence and lack of peace. There is a quote which says that “Hatred does more harm to the one who hates, but not to the one who is hated”.

Rousseau

For this great philosopher, peace does not only oppose to war, but it is also the opposite of servitude. Each individual is free to choose which society they which to live in, whether it is full of those virtues or not. The choice may be based on external and social circumstances, yet, it is mainly focused on the quality of the relationship, which may exist between those inhabitants.

Most of the time, the war breaks out when the relationship among people deteriorates. Therefore, this philosopher supports that peace is synonymous with the equality among humans without anyone having to suffer, but the other one who benefits. Therefore, peace does not consist in submission, nor in tyranny.

Kant

According to Kant, peace is not a natural human condition. It is often the opposite which is natural, which means war. Thus, he suggested that peace be promoted so that it could become a right that must be respected by each individual. Within the international relation, it is often more primordial to engage in the fight over power than in moral questions.

However, if peace is set in the same way as a law, nobody cannot ignore it. It will become crucial to get rid of the use of forces and hostility, and respect the rights. According to him, it is natural that a war breaks out, but it does not mean that it is to be considered to be legitimate or just.

That is probably the reason why each individual needs to attain the inner peace that Prem Rawat often talks about. It leads each individual to abstain from the need to create a conflict or a war.

Lao Tseu

This Chinese wiseman made several quotes about peacekeeping. However, the most fascinating one on peace is “Treat those who have been kind to you nicely, but also treat those who have not been nice to you kindly. Thus, goodness will always overcome… ».

That statement describes the characteristics of an individual who has peace within. In this way, he teaches us to be good to everyone around us. It is difficult to put that into practice if you do not have inner peace in you.